ESF Scientific Program "Nanotribology (NATRIBO)"
The aim of the ESF program "Nanotribology (NATRIBO)" is to improve the collaborations between experimentalists and theoreticians in the field of tribology on the nanometer scale. During the last years experimental and modelling tools have become available for the study of small contacts under pressure in relative motion. NATRIBO is dedicated to scientists, who perform experiments with nanocontacts. The understanding of friction, adhesion, fracture and wear on the nanometer scale is the main issue.
Atomic-scale stick slip on solid surfaces, confinement of liquids between surfaces, electrical and mechanical properties of quantum contacts are subjects of this research. Since the processes in the tribocontact are highly complex, modelling is necessary. Atomistic simulations, preferably embedded in elastic continua, are dedicated to the study of small contacts. The comparison between experiments and modelling makes necessary the joint research between different groups and the formation of a network. Specific questions to be addressed by NATRIBO: Dissipation mechanism of contacts in relative motion, novel nano-materials for tribology, tribochemistry, triboluminescence and mechanical properties of quantum contacts.